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Home Food and Food Safety
What is food?
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism and assimilated by the organism's cells to provide energy, maintain life, or stimulate growth.
What is food safety?
Food safety is a scientific discipline describing handling, preparation, and storage of food in ways that prevent foodborne illness. This includes a number of routines that should be followed to avoid potentially severe health hazards.
What is food adulteration?
Food adulteration is the process in which the quality of food is lowered either by the addition of inferior quality material or by extraction of valuable ingredient. It not only includes the intentional addition or substitution of the substances but biological and chemical contamination during the period of growth, storage, processing, transport and distribution of the food products, is also responsible for the lowering or degradation of the quality of food products.
What are adulterants?
Adulterants are those substances which are used for making the food products unsafe for human consumption effects the retail public. Commercial buyers for whom this is an issue have simply taken the export system as a de facto standard and are willing to pay premium prices for produce from growers certified under the NPOP.
What is FSSA, 2006 & why this Act is needed?
Food Safety and Standards Authority, 2006 is an Act enacted to keep with changing needs / requirements of time and to consolidate the laws relating to food and to establish the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India. The Act was needed to bring out a single statutory body for food laws, standards setting and enforcement so that there is one agency to deal and no confusion in the minds of consumers, traders, manufacturers and investors which was due to multiplicity of food laws.
Does FSSA serve the purpose of a unified food law?
Yes, the Act consolidates various food laws.
Who is the regulatory authority under the Food Act in India?
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India in association with State Food Authorities are responsible for implementation &enforcement of FSSA, 2006 is the regulatory authority.
When was FSSAI established?
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India under Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 was set up on 5th September 2008.
What are the priorities of FSSAI?
FSSAI lays down science based standards for articles of food and to regulate their manufacture, storage, distribution, sale and import, to ensure availability of safe and wholesome food for human consumption.
What does FSSAI do?
The mandate assigned to the Food Authority is (i) laying down science based standards for articles of food (ii) to regulate manufacture, storage, distribution, sale and import of food (iii) to facilitate food safety.
How consumers are benefitted through FSSA?
The representative of the consumer organizations are members of the Food Authorities and Central Advisory Committee. The consumer may analyze the samples of food on payment of fees. In case of injury of death of consumer there is a provision for compensation to the consumer.
What role Food Authority is currently playing to ensure quality and safe food to the consumers?
Food Authority is in the process of formulating and finalizing the various regulations/guidelines in terms of provisions under the Act to ensure the quality and safety of food and giving effect to the mandate of the Food Authority.
Which agency is responsible for investigating food?borne illness and foreign object complaints?
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India and State Food Authorities will investigate such complaints.
Which agencies regulates food business in India?
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India and State Food Authorities will regulate the food business in India.
How the New Act will curb increasing food adulteration?
There will be better auditing, Food Safety Management System (FSMS), traceability, recall and other systems in place which will help in curbing food adulterants.
Do all food business operators need a licence to sell food products
Yes they all need to register with FSSAI and get a licence to sell food products.
Do State governments have to comply with the requirements of the Food Act 2006?
Yes.
Who is the responsible authority for enforcement of FSS Act in States?
State Food Authorities (Commissioner of Food Safety of the States) are responsible for enforcement of FSS Act in the States.
Does FSSAI recommend some private laboratories which provide testing service for food?
Yes, FSSAI had recognized adequate number of NABL accredited laboratories authorized for analysis including labs (3) for radioactive contamination for imported food testing.
Are there any microbiological guidelines for food in India?
There are no microbiological guidelines for food in India, however the Microbiological standards exist in the FSSAI regulations for foods in India.
Who is the regulatory authority of Foods like Energy drinks, Nutraceuticals, Food Supplements, Functional foods etc.?
The FSSAI is in the process of developing the regulation for Novel Foods, Functional foods, food supplements etc. which is under consideration of the Scientific Panel on Functional Foods, Nutraceuticals, Dietetic Products and Other Similar Products of the Food Authority and will further be considered by the Scientific Committee, Food Authority and notified in the Official Gazette after previous approval of the Central Government.
What are GM foods does FSSAI provides regulations for such type of foods?
GM foods means food and food ingredients composed of or containing Genetically modified or engineered organisms obtained through modern Biotechnology, or food and food ingredients produced from but not containing Genetically modified or engineered organisms obtained through modern Biotechnology. The GM food does not come under the purview of FSSAI.
What is organic food?
Organic food is food produced by methods that comply with the standards of organic farming. Standards vary worldwide, but organic farming in general features practices that strive to cycle resources, promote ecological balance, and conserve biodiversity. Organizations regulating organic products may restrict the use of certain pesticides and fertilizers in farming. In general, organic foods are also usually not processed using irradiation, industrial solvents or synthetic food additives.
Are there standards for organic food?
In India, Agricultural Processed Foods Export Development Authority (APEDA) under Ministry of Commerce is the controlling body for organic certification for export. Till date there are no domestic standards for organic produce within India. Currently 11 certification agencies have been authorized to undertake certification 13 process under National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP). Although there is no system for monitoring the labeling of organic produce sold within India, this primarily.
Does packaged & bottled water comes under FSSA, 2006?
Yes.
What is a food recall & what is its purpose?
?Recall? means action taken to remove a marketed food from distribution, sale and consumption which is unsafe and violate the provisions of the Act and the rules & regulations made there under. The purpose is to prevent, reduce or eliminate a risk arising from food to the consumer.
Where can consumers find information on recalls of food products?
Yes the information on recall of food products may be provided on Food Authority website.
What should consumers do if they have a product that has been recalled?
The consumer should not consume the product and return it to the shopkeeper from where they have purchase the product or return it to the company representative.
Where can I complain about food bought from a shop or restaurant?
You should complain to the Food Safety Officer / Designated Officer /DC of your area or Food Safety Commissioner of the State.
Where can I report a potential food safety incident?
You should complain to the Food Safety Officer / Designated Officer /DC of the area or Food Safety Commissioner of the State.
Where can I obtain information on food safety?
The information can be obtained from website of the FSSAI.
What is meant by Food Safety Management Systems (FSMS)?
A Food Safety Management System (FSMS) is a network of interrelated elements that combine to ensure that food does not cause adverse human health effects. These elements include programs, plans, policies, procedures, practices,processes, goals, objectives, methods, controls, roles, responsibilities, relationships,documents, records, and resources.
What is the Purpose of FSMS?
To ensure the manufacture, storage, distribution and sale of safe food. For more information please visit https://foodlicensing.fssai.gov.in/cmsweb/